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Manuscript Title: XQCAT: eXtra Quark Combined Analysis Tool
Authors: D. Barducci, A. Belyaev, M. Buchkremer, J. Marrouche, S. Moretti, L. Panizzi
Program title: XQCAT
Catalogue identifier: AEXS_v1_0
Distribution format: tar.gz
Journal reference: Comput. Phys. Commun. 197(2015)263
Programming language: Perl and C++.
Computer: Personal Computer.
Operating system: Any OS where Perl, C++ and ROOT are installed.
RAM: Around 2.5 Mbytes
Keywords: Heavy extra quarks, vector-like quarks, top partners, LHC.
PACS: 13.85.Rm, 14.65.Jk.
Classification: 11.1, 11.6.

External routines: C++, Perl and ROOT

Subprograms used:
Cat Id Title Reference
AEFA_v2_0 ROOT CPC 182(2011)1384

Nature of problem:
Experimental searches of new heavy extra quarks (XQs) usually consider minimal extensions of the Standard Model (SM) with only one XQ representation which couples only to the third generation SM quarks or only to the SM light quark families. In contrast, various theoretically-motivated scenarios of new physics predict a new quark sector, i.e. more than one new quark, with general couplings to SM quarks. Notable examples are composite Higgs models or universal extra-dimensions. Hence, recasting experimental limits for these scenarios can be a challenging task. To avoid time-consuming simulations and dedicated searches for scenarios which can already be excluded by current data, we present a tool for reinterpretation of existing experimental analyses, including those not made for XQs searches, in terms of exclusion confidence levels (eCLs) for XQ models. Our tool should serve as a useful preliminary approach to understand in a quick way the regions of validity of scenarios of new physics.

Solution method:
The core of the tool consists in a database of pre-simulated efficiencies (∈), defined as the ratio of signal events which survive a given set of experimental cuts over the total number of signal events. These efficiencies have been computed simulating the process of pair production and decay of XQs with masses in the range 400-2000 GeV and implementing the selection and kinematics cuts of a set of experimental searches at 7 and 8 TeV. The tool uses the database to reconstruct any scenario where XQs couple to SM quarks through Yukawa interactions and gives as output the eCL of the test point, characterised by values of the XQ masses and their branching ratios (BRs) into specific final states, for all the implemented searches. It also provides eCLs for combinations of experimental searches when search bins are uncorrelated. The method has been validated against experimental analyses.

Restrictions:
The efficiency database has been built under the following hypotheses: QCD induced pair production of quarks with masses from 400 GeV to 2000 GeV with steps of 100 GeV; the electro-weak (EW) couplings of XQs with SM states have a dominant chirality, according to the hypothesis that new quarks are vector-like and that a new chiral generation is excluded with high confidence level (see main text for more details); in v1.2 the number of searches implemented is limited: four supersymmetric (SUSY) inspired CMS searches for final states with jets, missing transverse energy and variable number of leptons at 7 TeV [1-4], two SUSY-inspired CMS searches at 8 TeV (updates of two of the implemented 7 TeV searches) [5,6] and one CMS direct search at 8 TeV of a vector-like t' (a top quark partner) coupling to third generation SM quarks [7]. The code also relies on the possibility of reproducing experimental results by using a cut-and-count analysis technique and applying a eCL procedure.

Running time:
Around 30 seconds with two XQs and with 100k toy Monte Carlo (MC) experiments yielding specific numbers of signal and background events to determine the eCL (tested on a DELL Precision M4700 laptop with a Kubuntu Linux 12.04 distribution).

References:
[1] CMS Collaboration, S. Chatrchyan et al., Search for supersymmetry in final states with missing transverse energy and 0, 1, 2, or at least 3 b-quark jets in 7 TeV pp collisions using the variable alphaT, JHEP 1301 (2013) 077, [arXiv:1210.8115].
[2] CMS Collaboration, S. Chatrchyan et al., Search for supersymmetry in final states with a single lepton, b-quark jets, and missing transverse energy in proton-proton collisions at √s = 7 TeV, Phys.Rev. D87 (2013), no. 5 052006, [arXiv:1211.3143].
[3] CMS Collaboration, S. Chatrchyan et al., Search for new physics in events with opposite-sign leptons, jets, and missing transverse energy in pp collisions at √s = 7 TeV, Phys.Lett. B718 (2013) 815840, [arXiv:1206.3949].
[4] CMS Collaboration, S. Chatrchyan et al., Search for new physics in events with same-sign dileptons and b-tagged jets in pp collisions at √s = 7 TeV, JHEP 1208 (2012) 110, [arXiv:1205.3933].
[5] CMS Collaboration, S. Chatrchyan et al., Search for supersymmetry in hadronic final states with missing transverse energy using the variables AlphaT and b-quark multiplicity in pp collisions at 8 TeV, Eur.Phys.J.C73 (2013) 2568, [arXiv:1303.2985].
[6] CMS Collaboration, S. Chatrchyan et al., Search for new physics in events with same-sign dileptons and b jets in pp collisions at √s = 8 TeV, JHEP 1303 (2013) 037, [arXiv:1212.6194].
[7] CMS Collaboration, S. Chatrchyan et al., Inclusive search for a vector-like T quark with charge 2/3 in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV, Phys.Lett. B729 (2014) 149171, [arXiv:1311.7667].