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Manuscript Title: LATTICEEASY: A Program for Lattice Simulations of Scalar Fields in an Expanding Universe
Authors: Gary Felder, Igor Tkachev
Program title: LATTICEEASY
Catalogue identifier: AEAW_v1_0
Distribution format: tar.gz
Journal reference: Comput. Phys. Commun. 178(2008)929
Programming language: C++.
Computer: Any.
Operating system: Any.
RAM: Typically 4 MB to 800 MB
Keywords: Inflation, Reheating, Lattice Simulations, Classical Field Theory.
PACS: 98.80.Jk, 98.80.Bp.
Classification: 1.9.

Nature of problem:
After inflation the universe consisted of interacting fields in a high energy, nonthermal state. [1] The evolution of these fields can not be described with standard approximation techniques such as linearization, kinetic theory, or Hartree expansion, and must thus be simulated numerically. Fortunately, the fields rapidly acquire large occupation numbers over a range of frequencies, so their evolution can be accurately modeled with classical field theory. [2] The specific fields and interactions relevant at these high energies are not known, so different models must be tested phenomenologically.

Solution method:
LATTICEEASY solves the equations of motion for interacting scalar fields in an expanding universe. The user describes a particular theory by entering the field potential and its derivatives in a "model file" and the program then uses a staggered leapfrog method to evolve the field equations and Friedmann equation for the fields and the expansion of the universe.

Restrictions:
In its current form LATTICEEASY only includes scalar fields and does not include metric perturbations.

Running time:
The running time can range from minutes to weeks.

References:
[1] A. D. Linde, Particle Physics and Inflationary Cosmology (Harwood, Chur, Switzerland, 1990).
[2] S. Khlebnikov and I. Tkachev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 219 (1996), (HEP-PH 9603378)