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Manuscript Title: Monte Carlo programs for calculating three-dimensional high-energy (50 MeV-500GeV) hadron cascades in matter.
Authors: J. Ranft, J.T. Routti
Program title: FLUKA
Catalogue identifier: AAUH_v1_0
Distribution format: gz
Journal reference: Comput. Phys. Commun. 7(1974)327
Programming language: Fortran.
Computer: CDC6500, CDC6600, CDC7600.
Operating system: SCOPE 20.
RAM: 40K words
Word size: 60
Keywords: Elementary, Particle physics, Monte carlo, High energy reactions, Transport theory, Doses radiation, Cascade.
Classification: 11.3.

Revision history:
Type Tit le Reference
adaptation 0001TRANKA FOR DEEP PENETRATION See below

Nature of problem:
High-energy protons incident on a target or a block of material initiate hadron cascades which transport and deposit the energy of the interacting particles in matter. The resulting distributions of star densities and energy deposition are of interest in the analysis of accelerator radiation problems, background estimation for high-energy physics experiments, total absorption detectors, cosmic-ray transport, shielding for space vehicles, and activation of material in space.

Solution method:
Monte Carlo simulation with particle splitting and variance reduction methods are used. Protons, neutrons and charged and neutral pions are considered, and empirical production formulae are used.

Restrictions:
Cylindrical geometries and homogeneous material are considered in programs FLUKA and TRANKA. Other geometries can be considered in separate programs.

Running time:
A simulation of the core of he hadron cascade with program FLUKA typically requires some 15,000 histories corresponding to about 30 s of central processor time on a CDC 7600 computer. About three times as many histories, and CPU time, are recommended for deep penetration problems analysed with program TRANKA.

ADAPTATION SUMMARY
Manuscript Title: Monte Carlo programs for calculating three-dimensional high-energy (50 MeV-500GeV) hadron cascades in matter.
Authors: J. Ranft, J.T. Routti
Program title: 0001TRANKA FOR DEEP PENETRATION
Catalogue identifier: AAUH_v1_0
Distribution format: gz
Journal reference: Comput. Phys. Commun. 7(1974)327
Programming language: Fortran.
Computer: CDC6500, CDC6600, CDC7600.
Operating system: SCOPE 20.
RAM: 50K words
Word size: 60
Classification: 11.3.

Nature of problem:
High-energy protons incident on a target or a block of material initiate hadron cascades which transport and deposit the energy of the interacting particles in matter. The resulting distributions of star densities and energy deposition are of interest in the analysis of accelerator radiation problems, background estimation for high-energy physics experiments, total absorption detectors, cosmic-ray transport, shielding for space vehicles, and activation of material in space.

Solution method:
Monte Carlo simulation with particle splitting and variance reduction methods are used. Protons, neutrons and charged and neutral pions are considered, and empirical production formulae are used.

Restrictions:
Cylindrical geometries and homogeneous material are considered in programs FLUKA and TRANKA. Other geometries can be considered in separate programs.

Running time:
A simulation of the core of the hadron cascade with program FLUKA typically requires some 15,000 histories corresponding to about 30 s of central processor time on a CDC 7600 computer. About three times as many histories, and CPU time, are recommended for deep penetration problems analysed with program TRANKA.